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Let's learn the phonic sounds!
Learning the letter names is important, but it is much more important to learn the sounds the letters make. Here you can do both, but the emphasis is on the SOUNDS. Why? Simple, once your child knows the sounds each letter makes he/she can then start to read.
This is the first step to reading fluency!



Step 1

Learn the sounds that the 26 letters make. Each letter makes a sound, it is important that children know what sounds the letters make so later they can put the sounds together to make words. Some letters make more than one sound, in order to not confuse young learners only teach one sound per letter (the most common sound), for example i is for in or ink NOT ice-cream! The most important letters are A,E,I,O,U. They are also the most difficult as they sound quite similar.
Click on a letter below to begin!

A
B C D
E
F G H
I
J K L
M N P
O
Q R S
T V W
U
X Y Z




Step 2

Help your child to blend 3 letter words together. At this step it is important to keep reviewing step 1, especially the sounds that the vowels make.

Middle A (like cat and mad)
Middle E (like ten and pet)
Middle I (like pin and pig)
Middle O (like dog and hop)
Middle U (like bug and fun)
Review




Step 3

Next children will learn the first blends, and learn that when you put two letters together they can make a new sound. SH, TH and CH are used here.

SH TH and CH Blends (like ship, thin and chip)




Step 4

We continue to learn about blends. Starting with 2 letter blends such as BL and FR, then going on to 3 letter blends such as SHR and STR.

L, R and S Blends (like black, green and spider)
End Blends (like jump, end and lunch)




Step 5

The five vowel letters each have 2 sounds. First we learnt the short sound (in step 1) now it is time to learn the long sounds. (think what sound does A make in cat (that's the short sound) - and what sound does it make in rain (that's the long sound). There are two ways to make a long sound, first with a magic 'e' - like cake, and second with 2 or 3 letters put together - like rain.

Long A Sounds (like late, snail and day)
Long E Sounds (like bee, tea and see)
Long I Sounds (like why, high and tie)
Long O Sounds (like toad, coat and toe)
Long U Sounds (like moon, rude and blue)




Step 6

Getting complicated now! There are lots of 'strange' groups of letters that make particular sounds. Like, 'ar' in star and 'oy' in boy. In this step we go through the most common. And then we're done!

AR Sounds (like car and star)
OI and OY Sounds and OU and OW Sounds (like boy and toilet and loud and cow)
IR UR and ER Sounds (like girl and burger)
OR AU AL AW Sounds (like draw, door and all)
AIR EAR ARE ERE and EIR Sounds (like chair, bear, where and their)




You may notice that not all sounds are listed in this system, (one such omission is ph (sounding like F). It is not necessary to teach every single sound in English. This system takes students through all the most common ones; the others will be picked up naturally as they read more and more.






Learn English in TianHe Guangzhou
英语培训中心(广州天河区)
Early Education in BaiYun, Guangzhou
早教中心(广州白云区)