- John Cooper, UK
- Ann Chen, China
- Lisa Smith, Japan
- Gordon Revis, Spain
- Orman Kent, Mexico
This is the first step to reading fluency!
Step 1Learn the sounds that the 26 letters make. Each letter makes a sound, it is important that children know what sounds the letters make so later they can put the sounds together to make words. Some letters make more than one sound, in order to not confuse young learners only teach one sound per letter (the most common sound), for example i is for in or ink NOT ice-cream! The most important letters are A,E,I,O,U. They are also the most difficult as they sound quite similar.
Click on a letter below to begin!
Step 2Help your child to blend 3 letter words together. At this step it is important to keep reviewing step 1, especially the sounds that the vowels make.
Step 3Next children will learn the first blends, and learn that when you put two letters together they can make a new sound. SH, TH and CH are used here.
Step 4We continue to learn about blends. Starting with 2 letter blends such as BL and FR, then going on to 3 letter blends such as SHR and STR.
Step 5The five vowel letters each have 2 sounds. First we learnt the short sound (in step 1) now it is time to learn the long sounds. (think what sound does A make in cat (that's the short sound) - and what sound does it make in rain (that's the long sound). There are two ways to make a long sound, first with a magic 'e' - like cake, and second with 2 or 3 letters put together - like rain.
Step 6Getting complicated now! There are lots of 'strange' groups of letters that make particular sounds. Like, 'ar' in star and 'oy' in boy. In this step we go through the most common. And then we're done!
You may notice that not all sounds are listed in this system, (one such omission is ph (sounding like F). It is not necessary to teach every single sound in English. This system takes students through all the most common ones; the others will be picked up naturally as they read more and more.